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如何使数控机床实现自动化上下料

机床上下料的自动化实现方式主要有桁架机械手和关节机器人这两种方式。之前看的比较多的是桁架机械手,有人说自动上下料难点在于工位的布置,也就是产线的规划问题,很多公司要求紧凑化生产,最常见的是U字型和圆盘式循环型。车间不够大,毛坯流进,成品流出的管理和搬运都是比较费空间的。

The automation of machine tool loading and unloading is mainly implemented by truss robot and joint robot. Before looking at more is the truss robot, some people say that the difficulty of automatic loading and unloading is the layout of the station, that is, the planning of the production line, many companies require compact production, the most common is The U-shaped and disc-type cycle type. Workshop is not big enough, rough flow into, finished product outflow management and handling are more expensive space.

关节机器人,用于机械加工机床上下料的关节机器人采用的轴数一般为6轴,重复定位精度为±0.06mm,常用的负载重量在10-50kg。机床上下料机器人一般分为一对一、一对二、一对三,如果想要一台关节机器人对多台机床上下料,需要加上地面轨道,可实现一台关节机器人对多台机床自动上下料。

Joint robot, for machining machine tool loading and unloading joint robot using the number of shafts is generally 6 axes, repeated positioning accuracy of .06mm, commonly used load weight of 10-50kg. Machine tool loading robot is generally divided into one-to-one, one-to-two, one-to-three, if you want a joint robot to more than one machine tool up and down, need to add the ground track, can achieve a joint robot to multiple machine tools automatically up and down.

关节机器人的优点,关节机器人最大的优点就是灵活性强,不受机床结构的限制,能适用很多机床。可应用的范围广泛,除了用在机床上下料,关节机器人还可应用于打磨、抛光、焊接、装配、搬运码垛等领域。

The advantages of joint robot, the biggest advantage of joint robot is strong flexibility, not limited by the structure of the machine tool, can be applied to many machine tools. A wide range of applications, in addition to the machine tools used in the material, joint robots can also be used in grinding, polishing, welding, assembly, handling palletizing and other fields.

关节机器人的缺点,相对于桁架机械手而言,关节机器人占用的场地空间较大,它的臂展工作范围有限,一台机器想要工作范围加大的话必须加装它的行走轴,所以关节机器人的价格较高。

The shortcomings of joint robot, relative to the truss robot, the joint robot occupies a larger space, its arm extension working range is limited, a machine wants to increase the range of work must be added to its walking shaft, so the joint robot price is higher.

本文关键词:机械手 自动上下料

文章由:数控车床https://www.zhoushicnc.com/东莞市周氏数控设备有限公司整理提供,此文观点不代表本站观点

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